Kopotakkho River

Type: River
Contributed By: Nayeem
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Brief

Kopotakkho River the pre-Dravidian term ‘Kabadak’ was transformed into ‘Kapotaksha’ [Kapotaksa] (meaning the ‘pigeon-eyed’) in Sanskrit. The river ichamati branched into two streams at Darshana in Kushtia district. One flowing southeast is known as the bhairab. At the south of Kotchandpur, an offshoot branches out from the Bhairab and flowing south meets with the shibsa near Paikgachha in Khulna district. This offshoot of the Bhairab is the Kopotakkho. Once upon a time, the water of this river was clear and transparent like the eyes of a bird. ‘Kapot’ means pigeon and ‘Aksha’ means eye.

The Kopotakkho originated from the Mathabhanga River with a great meander. A canal was dug to run the river along a shortened course avoiding the meander and the Kopotakkho got disconnected from the Mathabhanga. The Mathabhanga splits into four main channels-the Churni, chitra, nabaganga and kumar-within Kushtia district. The Churni joins the Bhairab, to become an important source of its Khulna-Ichamati branch. The Chitra flows south-southeast to Uzirhat, where it splits into two streams, the Khulna-Atari and the Chitra, the former joining the Bhairab north of Khulna town, while the latter joins it in the south. The Nabaganga is another decayed channel, navigable in the rainy season up to Magura. The lower Nabaganga channel takes much of the Gorai’s flow into the pasur. The Kumar, also called the Pangasi, branches from the Mathabhanga, 16 km from Alamdanga town, and flows southeast to a point 8 km north of Magura town, where it splits into two channels. One of the channels falls into the gorai, and the other joins the Nabaganga through the Muchikhali.

Later on, the Kopotakkho maintained its principal discharge from the Bhairab. Disconnection of the Mathabhanga from the ganges and again disconnection of the Mathabhanga and the Kopotakkho resulted in a very narrow flow. From the monsoon the river receives only the local rainwater and percolated water and loses its navigability at most places. In summer, the river almost dries up near Jhikargachha. The high levee near Tala upazila indicates that once upon a time the river might have had a width of 750m, but it is now only about 170m; but at Chandkhali the figure is about 300m. The river was about to die, but the Bangladesh water development board maintains a flow from the Ganges by pumping, providing irrigation to its buffer area in the ganges-Kopotakkho irrigation project (G-K Project).

The water of the Kopotakkho is being used for irrigation also in some places of Jessore district through pumping. The Kopotakkho along with its branches and sub-branches drains about 3,315 sq km of Kushtia, Jessore and Khulna districts. The river is navigable in Khulna district and there is a launch service plying on the river. The total length of the river is about 260 km.

The Kopotakkho is under tidal influence but not above Jhikargachha. To protect it from saline water a long salination protection embankment has been constructed along its bank. Irrigation is not suitable in parts of Khulna district due to salivations. Saline water is however very suitable for shrimp culture.

The Kopotakkho flows through some important places like Chaugachha, Jhikargachha, Chakla, Trimohani, Jibannagar, Kotchandpur, Sagardanri, Tala, Baruli, Chandkhali, Baradal, Amadi and Bedkashi. The birthplace of the eminent epic poet michael madhusudan dutt is on the bank of the Kopotakkho in Jessore district.
Courtesy: Tahmina Ahmed


How to go

At first a traveler has to reach Khulna or Jessore then head to Kesabpur by using local buses or other means of transport, whatsoever is available.

How To Reach: Jessore District

By Rail:
There is an intercity train service available which leaves everyday at 12:30. Chitra express and Sundarban express are trains departing from Dhaka to Jessore and Khulna.
Chitra Express: Departure time (from Dhaka)-7:00pm, Arrival time-5:10 am Khulna (off day Monday). Departure time(from Khulna)-8:30am Arrival time-6:20am Khulna(off day Monday)
Sundarban Express: Departure time (from Dhaka)-6:20 AM, Arrival time-4:20pm Khulna (off day Saturday). Departure time (from Khulna)-7:30pm Arrival time-5:50am Khulna (off day Friday)

By Air:
Jessore is also linked to Dhaka by air. Airline companies offering flight service from Dhaka to Jessore have been listed below:

1. United Airways
Ticket price starts from Tk 3925

2. Regent Airways
Ticket price starts from Tk 3800

Several buses leave from Dhaka, Gabtoli station to reach Jessore. Some of them are listed below for your assistance:
1. Hanif Enterprise
Gabtoli Counter, Contact: 8016040, 8011759
Fare: TK 280 (Approx.)

2. Shohag Paribahan
Gabtoli Booking Booth, Phone: 8011998, 8012148
Fare: TK 280
3. Eagle Paribahan
Gabtoli Counter, Phone-8017698, 8017320

Jessore is also linked to Dhaka by air. Airline companies offering flight service from Dhaka to Jessore have been listed below:

1. United Airways
Ticket price starts from Tk 3925

2. Regent Airways
Ticket price starts from Tk 3800

3. Novo Air Limited
Ticket price starts from:
Flexible: Tk 5400
Discounted: Tk 4800, Tk 4300
Special: Tk 4000

There is an intercity train service available which leaves everyday at 12:30. Chitra express and Sundarban express are trains departing from Dhaka to Jessore and Khulna.
Chitra Express: Departure time (from Dhaka)-7:00pm, Arrival time-5:10 am Khulna (off day Monday). Departure time(from Khulna)-8:30am Arrival time-6:20am Khulna(off day Monday)
Sundarban Express: Departure time (from Dhaka)-6:20 AM, Arrival time-4:20pm Khulna (off day Saturday). Departure time (from Khulna)-7:30pm Arrival time-5:50am Khulna (off day Friday)

The price for Khulna ranges from 390-1390 BDT and Jessore 350-1260 BDT depending on the compartment selected. It is approximately 238 km away from Dhaka. A tourist from Jessore may take Bus or CNG auto rickshaw and go through the Jessore-Chuknagar road. From Khulna main road a traveler has to go to Khulna Satkhira highway.

Where to Stay

The district of Jessore holds many hotels you may consider staying in. Some of them have been listed below for your assistance:

1. Banchte Shekha (NGO cum Guest house)
Contact: +88 0421 68885

2. Hotel Hasan International
Contact: +88 0421 67478

3. Hotel Magpie
Contact: +88 0421 68722

4. Hotel Mid-Town
Contact: +880 1711 940160

5. Grand Hotel
Contact: +88 0421 73038

6. Hotel RS
Contact: +88 0421 61881

Things to do

  1. A tourist can witness Jeshoreshwari Kali Temple, Jessore Institute Public Library, Jora Shiv Temple, Chanchra Rajbari.
  2. Visit ancient mosque, known as “Shani mosque.” It is an example of the high architecture of Muslim Sultani period.
  3. A tourist might also visit Jessore Collectorate Building, located in Daratana, is one of the oldest buildings in Jessore. Some other notable places to visit are Jessore Circuit House and Vorot Vhani.

Eating Facilities

A tourist has to search for restaurants and fast food shops nearby. Referred to where to eat in Jessore, click here

Map

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